Collagen - is it something more that anti-wrinkle cream ingredient? Glad you asked! In fact, collagen is crucial to our body as it is the structural protein found in skin, bones, tendons, and connective tissue in animals (and humans are animals after all, some more than others :). It is the most bountiful protein in the human body.
There are three collagen protein types, which serve separate purposes within the body. Types 1 and 3 support skin, muscles, bone health, and hair and nail growth. Collagen Type 2 protein makes up the fluids and function in the cartilage and joints.
Choosing the Right Collagen Supplement
Choosing the right collagen supplement can be tricky as type 2 collagen supplements should be taken separately from types 1 and 3 to ensure adequate absorption. For your information, over 90 percent of collagen in the body is comprised of Type 1 and 3. Proteins in these types include proteins with fancy names like glycine, proline, alanine, and hydroxyproline.
When you hit 40 (and people with inadequate nutrition or with a bad smoking habit even earlier), ideal levels of collagen begin to wane and the body’s ability to produce it, decreases by 25%. By age 60, it will decrease by over 50%. Collagen fibers break down or no longer regenerate, and lead to a “deflation” effect on the surface of the skin. Saggy skin, anyone? The diminishing effects of reduced collagen Type 2 are less obvious and often go unnoticed or are considered “normal” for the aging process.
Fortunately, in the last 2 years, the market with collagen supplements skyrocketed due to high demand. Powdered and flavorless collagen peptides supplements are handy as they easily dissolve in cold liquid and you can add them to your smoothies or juices. Also, as in collagen peptides powder the proteins are broken down into individual peptide (amino acid) chains, powdered collagen doesn't gel like gelatin. This means you can easily add powdered collagen to hot liquids - yes, to coffee as well, versus gelatin where it will gel. And in case you are wondering if drinking coffee is good for you, check out this blog.